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材料の屈折率一覧表 《光学》
Material IOR (Index of Refraction Values) List


下記の一覧表は材料の屈折率を示したものです。CGを作成するとき、材料のIORの値を使用することにより本物に近い仕上がりになります。

Below is a list of material IOR values. It comes in handy knowing the IOR value of different materials when you want to make 3D models with realistic textures.

Glen Charles Rowell

https://a4jp.com 

材料の屈折率一覧表 index of refraction through a prism

Refractometers From Rudolph Research

Requested cross-references at bottom of page [※]

Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Actinolite 1.618 《鉱物》陽起石(ようきせき) [3]
Agate 1.544 《鉱物》瑪瑙(めのう
Agate, Moss 1.540 コケ瑪瑙(こけめのう
Air at STP 1.0002926 空気(くうき)
Alcohol 1.329 アルコール
Alexandrite 1.745 《鉱物》アレキサンドライト
Aluminum 1.44 《元素》アルミニウム
Amber 1.546 琥珀(こはく)
Amblygonite 1.611 《鉱物》アンブリゴナイト
Amethyst 1.544 《鉱物》アメジスト、アメシスト、紫水晶(むらさきすいしょう)
Anatase 2.490 《鉱物》アナターゼ、鋭錐石(えいすいせき)
Andalusite 1.641 《鉱物》アンダルサイト、紅柱石
Anhydrite 1.571 無水石膏
Apatite 1.632 リン灰石
Apophyllite 1.536 《鉱物》魚眼石
Aquamarine 1.577 《鉱物》アクアマリン
Aragonite 1.530 《鉱物》アラゴナイト、霰石
Argon 1.000281 《元素》アルゴン、アーゴン
Asphalt 1.635 《理工》アスファルト
Augelite 1.574 アウゲライト、オーゲライト
Axinite 1.675 《鉱物》斧石
Azurite 1.730 《鉱物》アジュライト、藍銅鉱
Barite 1.636 《鉱石》バライト、重晶石
Barytocalcite 1.684 《鉱物》重土方解石
Benitoite 1.757 《鉱物》ベニトアイト
Benzene 1.501 《化》ベンゼン
Beryl 1.577 《鉱物》緑柱石
Beryllonite 1.553《鉱物》ベリロナイト
Brazilianite 1.603 《鉱物》ブラジリアナイト
Bromine (liq) 1.661 液体臭素
Bronze 1.18 ブロンズ
Calcite 1.486 《鉱物》方解石、カルサイト
Cancrinite 1.491 《鉱物》カンクリナイト
Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449 《化》二酸化炭素、炭酸ガス
Carbon Disulfide 1.628 《化》二硫化炭素
Carbon Tetrachloride 1.460 《化》四塩化炭素
Cassiterite 1.997 スズ石
Celestite 1.622 天青石
Cerussite 1.804 《鉱物》白鉛鉱
Ceylanite 1.770 铁尖晶石、黑色尖晶石
Chalcedony 1.530《鉱物》玉髄
Chalk 1.510 チョーク
Chalybite 1.630 菱鉄鉱
Charles 1.44 チャールズ
Chlorine (gas) 1.000768 塩素(ガス)
Chlorine (liq) 1.385 塩素(液体)
Chrome Green 2.4 《化》クロムグリーン
Chrome Red 2.42 《化》クロム・レッド
Chrome Yellow 2.31 《化》クロムイエロー、クロム黄、黄鉛
Chromium 2.97 《元素》クロム、クロミウム、クロミューム
Chrysoberyl 1.745 金緑石、クリソベリル
Chrysocolla 1.500 珪孔雀石
Chrysoprase 1.534 《鉱物》緑玉髄
Citrine 1.550 《鉱物》黄水晶
Clinozoisite 1.724 《鉱物》斜灰廉石、クリノゾイサイト
Cobalt Blue 1.74 コバルトブルー
Cobalt Green 1.97 コバルトグリーン
Cobalt Violet 1.71 コバルトスミレ
Colemanite 1.586 《鉱物》灰硼石
Concrete, Sample A 0.308956
Concrete, Sample B 0.461930
Copper 1.10 《元素》銅
Copper Oxide 2.705 酸化銅 [5]
Coral 1.486 サンゴ
Cordierite 1.540 コージライト、菫青石、コーディエライト
Corundum 1.766 《鉱物》コランダム、鋼玉(石)
Cotton 0.482679
Crocoite 2.310 《鉱物》紅鉛鉱
Crystal 2.00 《鉱物》水晶
Cuprite 2.850 赤銅鉱
Danburite 1.633 ダンブリ石
Diamond 2.417 ダイヤモンド、ダイヤ、C〔化学式〕
Diopside 1.680 《鉱物》透輝石
Dolomite 1.503 《鉱物》天然ドロマイト
Dumortierite 1.686 《鉱物》デュモルチエライト
Ebonite 1.66 エボナイト
Ekanite 1.600 エカナイト
Elaeolite 1.532 エレオライト
Emerald 1.576 エメラルド◆5月の誕生石
Emerald, Synth flux 1.561 エメラルド シンセフラックス
Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568 エメラルド シンセ水力
Enstatite 1.663 《鉱物》頑火輝石
Epidote 1.733 《地学》緑簾石
Ethanol 1.36 エタノール [2]
Ethyl Alcohol 1.36 《化》エチルアルコール
Euclase 1.652 《鉱物》ユークレース
Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532 アベンチュリン長石
Feldspar, Albite 1.525 曹長石
Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525 天河石
Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565 曹灰長石
Feldspar, Microcline 1.525 微斜長石
Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539 灰曹長石
Feldspar, orthoclase 1.525 正長石
Felt, Sample A 0.414686
Fluoride 1.56 フッ化物
Fluorite 1.434 ホタル石
Formica 1.47 フォーマイカ
Garnet, Almandine 1.760 ガーネットアルマンディン
Garnet, Almandite 1.790 ガーネット鉄礬柘榴石
Garnet, Andradite 1.820 ガーネット灰鉄ザクロ石
Garnet, Demantoid 1.880 ガーネットデマントイド
Garnet, Grossular 1.738
Garnet, Hessonite 1.745
Garnet, Rhodolite 1.760
Garnet, Spessartite 1.810
Gaylussite 1.517 《鉱物》ゲイリュサック石
Glass 1.51714 ガラス
Glass, Albite 1.4890
Glass, Crown 1.520 クラウンガラス
Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517
Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66 重フリントガラス、鉛ガラス
Glass, Flint, Heaviest 1.89 フリントガラス、鉛ガラス
Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548 フリントガラス、鉛ガラス
Glass, Flint, Lanthanum 1.80 ランタンフリントガラス
Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038 軽フリントガラス
Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725 ミディアムフリントガラス
Glen 1.44 グレン
Glycerine 1.473 グリセリン
Gold 0.47 《元素》金、ゴールド
Hambergite 1.559 ハンベルグ石
Hauynite 1.502 《鉱物》アウイナイト、藍方石
Helium 1.000036 《元素》ヘリウム、ヘリューム、ヘリアム
Hematite 2.940 《地学》赤鉄鉱、ヘマタイト
Hemimorphite 1.614 《鉱物》異極鉱
Hiddenite 1.655 《宝石》ヒッデナイト
Howlite 1.586 ハウ石
Hydrogen (gas) 1.000140 水素ガス
Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974 水素液体
Hypersthene 1.670 《鉱物》紫蘇輝石
Ice 1.309 氷
Idocrase 1.713 《鉱物》=vesuvianite 《鉱物》ベスビアナイト
Iodine Crystal 3.34 ヨード[ヨウ素]結晶
Iolite 1.548 《鉱物》アイオライト、菫青石
Iron 1.51 《元素》鉄◆【略】Fe
Ivory 1.540 象牙、象牙質、象牙色、象牙製品
Jade, Nephrite 1.610
Jadeite 1.665 ひすい輝石
Jasper 1.540 《鉱物》碧玉
Jet 1.660 ジェット、黒玉
Kornerupine 1.665 《鉱物》コーネルピン
Kunzite 1.655 《鉱物》クンツァイト
Kyanite 1.715 カイアナイト
Lapis Gem 1.500 ラピスジェム
Lapis Lazuli 1.61 《鉱物》ラピス・ラズリ、瑠璃
Lazulite 1.615 天藍石,天らん石
Lead 2.01 鉛
Leather 0.179776 革
Leucite 1.509 白榴石
Linen 0.514593
Magnesite 1.515 菱苦土鉱、マグネサイト
Malachite 1.655《鉱物》マラカイト、クジャク石
Meerschaum (Sepiolite) 1.530 海泡石
Mercury (liq) 1.62 《元素》水銀、マーキュリー◆【略】Hg
Methanol 1.329
Moldavite 1.500
Moonstone, Adularia 1.525
Moonstone, Albite 1.535
Natrolite 1.480
Nephrite 1.600
Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297
Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053
Nylon 1.53 ナイロン
Obsidian 1.489
Olivine 1.670
Onyx 1.486
Opal 1.450
Oxygen (gas) 1.000276
Oxygen (liq) 1.221
Painite 1.787
Paper, Rough 0.311376
Pearl 1.530
Periclase 1.740
Peridot 1.654
Peristerite 1.525
Petalite 1.502
Phenakite 1.650
Phosgenite 2.117
Plastic 1.460 プラスチック
Plastic, Rough 0.278057
Plexiglas 1.50
Polystyrene 1.55 – (1.59) ポリスチレン
Prase 1.540
Prasiolite 1.540
Prehnite 1.610
Proustite 2.790
Purpurite 1.840
Pyrite 1.810
Pyrope 1.740
Quartz 1.544
Quartz, Fused 1.45843
Rhodizite 1.690
Rhodonite 1.735
Rock Salt 1.544
Rowell 1.44 ロウ
Rubber, Natural 1.5191 ゴム
Ruby 1.760
Rutile 2.62
Sanidine 1.522
Sapphire 1.760
Scapolite 1.540
Scapolite, Yellow 1.555
Scheelite 1.920
Selenium, Amorphous 2.92
Serpentine 1.560
Shell 1.530
Silicon 4.24
Sillimanite 1.658
Silver 0.18 銀
Sinhalite 1.699
Skin, Human 0.579386
Smaragdite 1.608
Smithsonite 1.621
Sodalite 1.483
Sodium Chloride 1.544
Sphalerite 2.368
Sphene 1.885
Spinel 1.712
Spodumene 1.650
Staurolite 1.739
Steatite 1.539
Steel 2.50
Stichtite 1.520
Strontium Titanate 2.410
Styrofoam 1.595
Sulphur 1.960
Synthetic Spinel 1.730
Taaffeite 1.720
Tantalite 2.240
Tanzanite 1.691
Teflon 1.35
Thomsonite 1.530
Tiger eye 1.544
Topaz 1.620
Topaz, Blue 1.610
Topaz, Pink 1.620
Topaz, White 1.630
Topaz, Yellow 1.620
Tourmaline 1.624
Tremolite 1.600
Tugtupite 1.496
Turpentine 1.472
Turquoise 1.610
Ulexite 1.490
Uvarovite 1.870 ウバロバイト、灰クロ(ー)ムざくろ石
Variscite 1.550 バリシア石
Velour, Knitted Sample A 0.751002
Velvet, Woven Sample A 0.751002
Vivianite 1.580 《鉱物》藍鉄鉱
Wardite 1.590
Water (gas) 1.000261 水(ガス)
Water 100’C 1.31819 水(100度)
Water 20’C 1.33335 水(20度)
Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157 水(35度)
Willemite 1.690 珪亜鉛鉱
Witherite 1.532 毒重石
Wool 0.978133
Wulfenite 2.300 モリブデン鉛鉱
Zincite 2.010 紅亜鉛鉱
Zircon, High 1.960
Zircon, Low 1.800
Zirconia, Cubic 2.170 キュービックジルコニア、模造ダイヤ

Liquids 液体

Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Alcohol, Ethyl (grain) 1.36
Alcohol, Methyl (wood) 1.329
Beer 1.345 ビール
Carbonated Beverages 1.34 – 1.356
Fruit Juice フルーツジュース
Chlorine (liq) 1.385 塩素
Cranberry Juice (25%) 1.351 クランベリージュース
Glycerin 1.473 グリセリン
Honey, 13% water content 1.504
Honey, 17% water content 1.494
Honey, 21% water content 1.484
Ice 1.309 氷
Milk 1.35 牛乳
Oil, Clove 1.535
Oil, Lemon 1.481
Oil, Neroli 1.482
Oil, Orange 1.473
Oil, Safflower 1.466
Oil, vegetable (50° C) 1.47
Oil of Wintergreen 1.536
Rum, White 1.361
Shampoo 1.362 シャンプー
Sugar Solution 30% 1.38 砂糖溶解(30%)
Sugar Solution 80% 1.49 砂糖溶解(80%)
Turpentine 1.472 テレビン油
Vodka 1.363 ウオツカ
Water (0° C) 1.33346 水(0度)
Water (100° C) 1.31766 水(100度)
Water (20° C) 1.33283 水(20度)
Whisky 1.356 ウイスキー

Minerals & Gemstones

Alexandrite 1.746 – 1.755
Almandine 1.75 – 1.83
Amber 1.539 – 1.545
Amethyst 1.532 – 1.554
Ammolite 1.52 -1.68
Andalusite 1.629 – 1.650
Apatite 1.632 – 1.42
Aquamarine 1.567-1.590
Axenite 1.674 – 1.704
Beryl 1.57 – 1.60
Beryl, Red 1.570 – 1.598
Chalcedony 1.544 – 1.553
Chrome Tourmaline, 1.61 – 1.64
Citrine 1.532 – 1.554
Clinohumite 1.625 – 1.675
Coral 1.486 – 1.658
Crystal 2.000
Crysoberyl, Catseye 1.746 – 1.755
Danburite 1.627 – 1.641
Diamond 2.417
Emerald 1.560 – 1.605
Emerald Catseye 1.560 – 1.605
Flourite 1.434
Garnet, Andradite 1.88 – 1.94
Garnet, Demantiod 1.880 – 1.9
Garnet, Mandarin 1.790 – 1.8
Garnet, Pyrope 1.73 – 1.76
Garnet, Rhodolite 1.740 – 1.770
Garnet, Tsavorite 1.739 – 1.744
Garnet, Uvarovite 1.74 – 1.87
Hauyn 1.490 – 1.505
Iolite 1.522 – 1.578
Jade, Jadeite 1.64 – 1.667
Jade, Nephrite 1.600 – 1.641
Jet 1.660
Kunzite 1.660 – 1.676
Labradorite 1.560 – 1.572
Lapis Lazuli 1.50 – 1.55
Moonstone 1.518 – 1.526
Morganite 1.585 – 1.594
Obsidian 1.50
Opal, Black 1.440 – 1.460
Opal, Fire 1.430 – 1.460
Opal, White 1.440 – 1.460
Oregon Sunstone 1.560 – 1.572
Padparadja 1.760 – 1.773
Peridot 1.635 – 1.690
Quartz 1.544 – 1.553
Ruby 1.757 – 1.779
Sapphire 1.757 – 1.779
Sapphire, Star 1.760 – 1.773
Spessarite 1.79 – 1.81
Spinel 1.712 – 1.717
Spinel, Blue 1.712 – 1.747
Spinel, Red 1.708 – 1.735
Star Ruby 1.76 – 1.773
Tanzanite 1.690-1.7
Tanzanite 1.692 – 1.700
Topaz 1.607 – 1.627
Topaz, Imperial 1.605-1.640
Tourmaline 1.603 – 1.655
Tourmaline, Blue 1.61 – 1.64
Tourmaline, Catseye 1.61 – 1.64
Tourmaline, Green 1.61 – 1.64
Tourmaline, Paraiba 1.61 – 1.65
Tourmaline, Red 1.61 – 1.64
Zircon 1.777 – 1.987
Zirconia, Cubic 2.173 – 2.21

Transparent materials 透明な材料

Eye, Aqueous humor 1.33
Eye, Cornea 1.38
Eye, Lens 1.41
Eye, Vitreous humor 1.34
Glass, Arsenic Trisulfide 2.04
Glass, Crown (common) 1.52
Glass, Flint, 29% lead 1.569
Glass, Flint, 55% lead 1.669
Glass, Flint, 71% lead 1.805
Glass, Fused Silica 1.459
Glass, Pyrex 1.474
Lucite 1.495
Nylon 1.53
Obsidian 1.50
Plastic 1.460 – 1.55
Plexiglas 1.488
Salt 1.516 塩

Metals 金属

Aluminum 1.39 アルミニウム
Copper 2.43 銅
Gold 0.166 金
Mylar 1.65
Nickel 1.08 ニッケル
Platinum 2.33 プラチナ
Silver 1.35 銀
Titanium 2.16 《元素》チタニウム、チタニューム、チタン、タイタニューム◆【略】Ti

Vacuum 1.0000
Air 1.0003
Ice 1.31
Water 1.333
Ethyl Alcohol 1.36
Plexiglas 1.51
Crown Glass 1.52
Light Flint Glass 1.58
Dense Flint Glass 1.66
Zircon 1.923
Diamond 2.417
Rutile 2.907
Gallium phosphide 3.50

Various household liquids
Glycerin 1,367
All Purpose Orange Cleaner (Pathmark Brand) 1,293
Degreaser 1.377
Shower Gel 1.51
Baby Wash 1.26

Vacuum 1 (exactly)
Helium 1.000036
Air @ STP 1.0002926
Carbon dioxide 1.00045
Water Ice 1.31
Liquid Water (20°C) 1.332986
Cryolite 1.338
Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Ethanol 1.36 エタノール [2]
Teflon 1.35 – 1.38
Glycerol 1.4729
Acrylic glass 1.490 – 1.492
Rock salt 1.516
Crown glass (pure) 1.50 – 1.54
Salt (NaCl) 1.544
Polycarbonate 1.584 – 1.586
PMMA 1.4893 – 1.4899
PETg 1.57
PET 1.5750
Flint glass (pure) 1.60 – 1.62
Crown glass (impure) 1.485 – 1.755
Bromine 1.661
Flint glass (impure) 1.523 – 1.925
Cubic zirconia 2.15 – 2.18
Diamond 2.419
Moissanite 2.65 – 2.69
Cinnabar (Mercury sulfide) 3.02
Gallium(III) phosphide 3.5
Gallium(III) arsenide 3.927
Silicon 4.01

Acetone 1.36
Actinolite 1.618
Agalmatoite 1.550
Agate 1.544 《鉱物》瑪瑙
Agate, Moss 1.540 コケ瑪瑙
Air 1.0002926 空気
Alcohol 1.329 アルコール
Alexandrite 1.745
Aluminum 1.44
Amber 1.546
Amblygonite 1.611
Amethyst 1.544
Anatase 2.490
Andalusite 1.641
Anhydrite 1.571
Apatite 1.632
Apophyllite 1.536
Aquamarine 1.577
Aragonite 1.530
Argon 1.000281
Asphalt 1.635
Augelite 1.574
Axinite 1.675
Azurite 1.730
Barite 1.636
Barytocalcite 1.684
Benitoite 1.757
Benzene 1.501
Beryl 1.577
Beryllonite 1.553
Brazilianite 1.603
Bromine (liq) 1.661
Bronze 1.18
Brownite 1.567
Calcite 1.486
Calspar 1.486
Cancrinite 1.491
Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449
Carbon Disulfide 1.628
Carbon Tetrachloride 1.460
Cassiterite 1.997
Celestite 1.622
Cerussite 1.804
Ceylanite 1.770
Chalcedony 1.530
Chalk 1.510
Chalybite 1.630
Chlorine (gas) 1.000768
Chlorine (liq) 1.385
Chrome Green 2.4
Chrome Red 2.42
Chrome Yellow 2.31
Chromium 2.97
Chrysoberyl 1.745
Chrysocolla 1.500
Chrysoprase 1.534
Citrine 1.550
Clinozoisite 1.724
Cobalt Blue 1.74
Cobalt Green 1.97
Cobalt Violet 1.71
Colemanite 1.586
Copper 1.10
Copper Oxide 2.705 酸化銅 [5]
Coral 1.486
Cordierite 1.540
Corundum 1.766
Crocoite 2.310
Crystal 2.00
Cuprite 2.850
Danburite 1.633
Diamond 2.417
Diopside 1.680
Dolomite 1.503
Dumortierite 1.686
Ebonite 1.66
Ekanite 1.600
Elaeolite 1.532
Emerald 1.576
Emerald, Synth flux 1.561
Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568
Enstatite 1.663
Epidote 1.733
Ethanol 1.36 エタノール [2]
Ethyl Alcohol 1.36
Euclase 1.652
Fabulite 2.409
Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532
Feldspar, Albite 1.525
Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525
Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565
Feldspar, Microcline 1.525
Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539
Feldspar, Orthoclase 1.525
Fluoride 1.56
Fluorite 1.434
Formica 1.47
Garnet, Almandine 1.760
Garnet, Almandite 1.790
Garnet, Andradite 1.820
Garnet, Demantoid 1.880
Garnet, Grossular 1.738
Garnet, Hessonite 1.745
Garnet, Rhodolite 1.760
Garnet, Spessartite 1.810
Gaylussite 1.517
Glass 1.51714
Glass, Albite 1.4890
Glass, Crown 1.520
Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517
Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66
Glass, Flint, Heaviest 1.89
Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548
Glass, Flint, Lanthanum 1.80
Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038
Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725
Glycerine 1.473
Gold 0.47
Hambergite 1.559
Hauynite 1.502
Helium 1.000036
Hematite 2.940
Hemimorphite 1.614
Hiddenite 1.655
Howlite 1.586
Hydrogen (gas) 1.000140
Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974
Hypersthene 1.670
Ice 1.309
Idocrase 1.713
Iodine Crystal 3.34
Iolite 1.548
Iron 1.51 鉄
Ivory 1.540
Jade, Nephrite 1.610
Jadeite 1.665
Jasper 1.540
Jet 1.660
Kornerupine 1.665
Kunzite 1.655
Kyanite 1.715
Lapis Gem 1.500
Lapis Lazuli 1.61
Lazulite 1.615
Lead 2.01
Leucite 1.509
Magnesite 1.515
Malachite 1.655
Meerschaum 1.530
Mercury (liq) 1.62
Methanol 1.329
Moldavite 1.500
Moonstone, Adularia 1.525
Moonstone, Albite 1.535
Natrolite 1.480
Nephrite 1.600
Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297
Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053
Nylon 1.53
Obsidian 1.489
Olivine 1.670
Onyx 1.486
Opal 1.450
Oxygen (gas) 1.000276
Oxygen (liq) 1.221
Painite 1.787
Pearl 1.530
Periclase 1.740
Peridot 1.654
Peristerite 1.525
Petalite 1.502
Phenakite 1.650
Phosgenite 2.117
Plastic 1.460
Plexiglas 1.50
Polystyrene 1.55 – (1.59) ポリスチレン
Prase 1.540
Prasiolite 1.540
Prehnite 1.610
Proustite 2.790
Purpurite 1.840
Pyrite 1.810
Pyrope 1.740
Quartz 1.544
Quartz, Fused 1.45843
Rhodizite 1.690
Rhodochrisite 1.600
Rhodonite 1.735
Rock Salt 1.544
Rubber, Natural 1.5191
Ruby 1.760
Rutile 2.62
Sanidine 1.522
Sapphire 1.760
Scapolite 1.540
Scapolite, Yellow 1.555
Scheelite 1.920
Selenium, Amorphous 2.92
Serpentine 1.560
Shell 1.530
Silicon 4.24
Sillimanite 1.658
Silver 0.18 銀
Sinhalite 1.699
Smaragdite 1.608
Smithsonite 1.621
Sodalite 1.483
Sodium Chloride 1.544
Sphalerite 2.368
Sphene 1.885
Spinel 1.712
Spodumene 1.650
Staurolite 1.739
Steatite 1.539
Steel 2.50
Stichtite 1.520
Strontium Titanate 2.410
Styrofoam 1.595
Sulphur 1.960
Synthetic Spinel 1.730
Taaffeite 1.720
Tantalite 2.240
Tanzanite 1.691
Teflon 1.35
Thomsonite 1.530
Tiger eye 1.544
Topaz 1.620
Topaz, Blue 1.610
Topaz, Pink 1.620
Topaz, White 1.630
Topaz, Yellow 1.620
Tourmaline 1.624
Tremolite 1.600
Tugtupite 1.496
Turpentine 1.472
Turquoise 1.610
Ulexite 1.490
Uvarovite 1.870
Variscite 1.550
Vivianite 1.580
Wardite 1.590
Water (gas) 1.000261
Water 100’C 1.31819
Water 20’C 1.33335
Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157
Willemite 1.690
Witherite 1.532
Wulfenite 2.300
Zincite 2.010
Zircon, High 1.960
Zircon, Low 1.800
Zirconia, Cubic 2.170


Sorted by refractive index:

Silver 0.18 銀
Gold 0.47 金
Helium 1.000036
Hydrogen (gas) 1.00014
Water (gas) 1.000261
Oxygen (gas) 1.000276
Argon 1.000281
Air 1.0002926 空気
Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297
Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449
Chlorine (gas) 1.000768
Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974
Copper 1.1
Bronze 1.18
Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053
Oxygen (liq) 1.221
Ice 1.309
Water 100’C 1.31819
Alcohol 1.329 アルコール
Methanol 1.329
Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157
Water 20’C 1.33335
Teflon 1.35
Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Ethanol 1.36 エタノール [2]
Ethyl Alcohol 1.36
Chlorine (liq) 1.385
Fluorite 1.434
Aluminum 1.44
Opal 1.45
Quartz, Fused 1.45843
Carbon Tetrachloride 1.46
Plastic 1.46
Formica 1.47
Turpentine 1.472
Glycerine 1.473
Natrolite 1.48
Sodalite 1.483
Calcite 1.486
Calspar 1.486
Coral 1.486
Onyx 1.486
Glass, Albite 1.489
Obsidian 1.489
Ulexite 1.49
Cancrinite 1.491
Tugtupite 1.496
Chrysocolla 1.5
Lapis Gem 1.5
Moldavite 1.5
Plexiglas 1.5
Benzene 1.501
Hauynite 1.502
Petalite 1.502
Dolomite 1.503
Leucite 1.509
Chalk 1.51
Iron 1.51
Magnesite 1.515
Gaylussite 1.517
Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517
Glass 1.51714
Rubber, Natural 1.5191
Glass, Crown 1.52
Stichtite 1.52
Sanidine 1.522
Feldspar, Albite 1.525
Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525
Feldspar, Microcline 1.525
Feldspar, Orthoclase 1.525
Moonstone, Adularia 1.525
Peristerite 1.525
Aragonite 1.53
Chalcedony 1.53
Meerschaum 1.53
Nylon 1.53
Pearl 1.53
Shell 1.53
Thomsonite 1.53
Elaeolite 1.532
Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532
Witherite 1.532
Chrysoprase 1.534
Moonstone, Albite 1.535
Apophyllite 1.536
Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539
Steatite 1.539
Agate, Moss 1.54
Cordierite 1.54
Ivory 1.54
Jasper 1.54
Prase 1.54
Prasiolite 1.54
Scapolite 1.54
Agate 1.544 《鉱物》瑪瑙
Amethyst 1.544
Quartz 1.544
Rock Salt 1.544
Sodium Chloride 1.544
Tiger eye 1.544
Amber 1.546
Iolite 1.548
Agalmatoite 1.55
Citrine 1.55
Polystyrene 1.55 – (1.59) ポリスチレン
Variscite 1.55
Beryllonite 1.553
Scapolite, Yellow 1.555
Hambergite 1.559
Fluoride 1.56
Serpentine 1.56
Emerald, Synth flux 1.561
Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565
Brownite 1.567
Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568
Anhydrite 1.571
Augelite 1.574
Emerald 1.576
Aquamarine 1.577
Beryl 1.577
Vivianite 1.58
Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038
Colemanite 1.586
Howlite 1.586
Wardite 1.59
Styrofoam 1.595
Ekanite 1.6
Nephrite 1.6
Rhodochrisite 1.6
Tremolite 1.6
Brazilianite 1.603
Smaragdite 1.608
Jade, Nephrite 1.61
Lapis Lazuli 1.61
Prehnite 1.61
Topaz, Blue 1.61
Turquoise 1.61
Amblygonite 1.611
Hemimorphite 1.614
Lazulite 1.615
Actinolite 1.618
Mercury (liq) 1.62
Topaz 1.62
Topaz, Pink 1.62
Topaz, Yellow 1.62
Smithsonite 1.621
Celestite 1.622
Tourmaline 1.624
Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725
Carbon Disulfide 1.628
Chalybite 1.63
Topaz, White 1.63
Apatite 1.632
Danburite 1.633
Asphalt 1.635
Barite 1.636
Andalusite 1.641
Phenakite 1.65
Spodumene 1.65
Euclase 1.652
Peridot 1.654
Hiddenite 1.655
Kunzite 1.655
Malachite 1.655
Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548
Sillimanite 1.658
Ebonite 1.66
Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66
Jet 1.66
Bromine (liq) 1.661
Enstatite 1.663
Jadeite 1.665
Kornerupine 1.665
Hypersthene 1.67
Olivine 1.67
Axinite 1.675
Diopside 1.68
Barytocalcite 1.684
Dumortierite 1.686
Rhodizite 1.69
Willemite 1.69
Tanzanite 1.691
Sinhalite 1.699
Cobalt Violet 1.71
Spinel 1.712
Idocrase 1.713
Kyanite 1.715
Taaffeite 1.72
Clinozoisite 1.724
Azurite 1.73
Synthetic Spinel 1.73
Epidote 1.733
Rhodonite 1.735
Silver 0.18
Gold 0.47
Helium 1.000036
Hydrogen (gas) 1.00014
Water (gas) 1.000261
Oxygen (gas) 1.000276
Argon 1.000281
Air 1.0002926 空気
Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297
Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449
Chlorine (gas) 1.000768
Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974
Copper 1.1
Bronze 1.18
Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053
Oxygen (liq) 1.221
Ice 1.309
Water 100’C 1.31819
Alcohol 1.329 アルコール
Methanol 1.329
Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157
Water 20’C 1.33335
Teflon 1.35
Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Ethanol 1.36 エタノール [2]
Ethyl Alcohol 1.36
Chlorine (liq) 1.385
Fluorite 1.434
Aluminum 1.44
Opal 1.45
Quartz, Fused 1.45843
Carbon Tetrachloride 1.46
Plastic 1.46
Formica 1.47
Turpentine 1.472
Glycerine 1.473
Natrolite 1.48
Sodalite 1.483
Calcite 1.486
Calspar 1.486
Coral 1.486
Onyx 1.486
Glass, Albite 1.489
Obsidian 1.489
Ulexite 1.49
Cancrinite 1.491
Tugtupite 1.496
Chrysocolla 1.5
Lapis Gem 1.5
Moldavite 1.5
Plexiglas 1.5
Benzene 1.501
Hauynite 1.502
Petalite 1.502
Dolomite 1.503
Leucite 1.509
Chalk 1.51
Iron 1.51
Magnesite 1.515
Gaylussite 1.517
Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517
Glass 1.51714
Rubber, Natural 1.5191
Glass, Crown 1.52
Stichtite 1.52
Sanidine 1.522
Feldspar, Albite 1.525
Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525
Feldspar, Microcline 1.525
Feldspar, Orthoclase 1.525
Moonstone, Adularia 1.525
Peristerite 1.525
Aragonite 1.53
Chalcedony 1.53
Meerschaum 1.53
Nylon 1.53
Pearl 1.53
Shell 1.53
Thomsonite 1.53
Elaeolite 1.532
Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532
Witherite 1.532
Chrysoprase 1.534
Moonstone, Albite 1.535
Apophyllite 1.536
Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539
Steatite 1.539
Agate, Moss 1.54
Cordierite 1.54
Ivory 1.54
Jasper 1.54
Prase 1.54
Prasiolite 1.54
Scapolite 1.54
Agate 1.544 《鉱物》瑪瑙
Amethyst 1.544
Quartz 1.544
Rock Salt 1.544
Sodium Chloride 1.544
Tiger eye 1.544
Amber 1.546
Iolite 1.548
Agalmatoite 1.55
Citrine 1.55
Polystyrene 1.55 – (1.59) ポリスチレン
Variscite 1.55
Beryllonite 1.553
Scapolite, Yellow 1.555
Hambergite 1.559
Fluoride 1.56
Serpentine 1.56
Emerald, Synth flux 1.561
Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565
Brownite 1.567
Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568
Anhydrite 1.571
Augelite 1.574
Emerald 1.576
Aquamarine 1.577
Beryl 1.577
Vivianite 1.58
Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038
Colemanite 1.586
Howlite 1.586
Wardite 1.59
Styrofoam 1.595
Ekanite 1.6
Nephrite 1.6
Rhodochrisite 1.6
Tremolite 1.6
Brazilianite 1.603
Smaragdite 1.608
Jade, Nephrite 1.61
Lapis Lazuli 1.61
Prehnite 1.61
Topaz, Blue 1.61
Turquoise 1.61
Amblygonite 1.611
Hemimorphite 1.614
Lazulite 1.615
Actinolite 1.618
Mercury (liq) 1.62
Topaz 1.62
Topaz, Pink 1.62
Topaz, Yellow 1.62
Smithsonite 1.621
Celestite 1.622
Tourmaline 1.624
Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725
Carbon Disulfide 1.628
Chalybite 1.63
Topaz, White 1.63
Apatite 1.632
Danburite 1.633
Asphalt 1.635
Barite 1.636
Andalusite 1.641
Phenakite 1.65
Spodumene 1.65
Euclase 1.652
Peridot 1.654
Hiddenite 1.655
Kunzite 1.655
Malachite 1.655
Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548
Sillimanite 1.658
Ebonite 1.66
Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66
Jet 1.66
Bromine (liq) 1.661
Enstatite 1.663
Jadeite 1.665
Kornerupine 1.665
Hypersthene 1.67
Olivine 1.67
Axinite 1.675
Diopside 1.68
Barytocalcite 1.684
Dumortierite 1.686
Rhodizite 1.69
Willemite 1.69
Tanzanite 1.691
Sinhalite 1.699
Cobalt Violet 1.71
Spinel 1.712
Idocrase 1.713
Kyanite 1.715
Taaffeite 1.72
Clinozoisite 1.724
Azurite 1.73
Synthetic Spinel 1.73
Epidote 1.733
Rhodonite 1.735
Garnet, Grossular 1.738
Staurolite 1.739
Cobalt Blue 1.74
Periclase 1.74
Pyrope 1.74
Alexandrite 1.745
Chrysoberyl 1.745
Garnet, Hessonite 1.745
Benitoite 1.757
Garnet, Almandine 1.76
Garnet, Rhodolite 1.76
Ruby 1.76
Sapphire 1.76
Corundum 1.766
Ceylanite 1.77
Painite 1.787
Garnet, Almandite 1.79
Glass, Flint, Lanthanum 1.8
Zircon, Low 1.8
Cerussite 1.804
Garnet, Spessartite 1.81
Pyrite 1.81
Garnet, Andradite 1.82
Purpurite 1.84
Uvarovite 1.87
Garnet, Demantoid 1.88
Sphene 1.885
Glass, Flint, Heaviest 1.89
Scheelite 1.92
Sulphur 1.96
Zircon, High 1.96
Cobalt Green 1.97
Cassiterite 1.997
Crystal 2
Lead 2.01
Zincite 2.01
Phosgenite 2.117
Zirconia, Cubic 2.17
Tantalite 2.24
Wulfenite 2.3
Chrome Yellow 2.31
Crocoite 2.31
Sphalerite 2.368
Chrome Green 2.4
Fabulite 2.409
Strontium Titanate 2.41
Diamond 2.417
Chrome Red 2.42
Anatase 2.49
Steel 2.5
Rutile 2.62
Copper Oxide 2.705 酸化銅 [5]
Proustite 2.79
Cuprite 2.85
Selenium, Amorphous 2.92
Hematite 2.94
Chromium 2.97
Iodine Crystal 3.34
Silicon 4.24Almandine 1.830
Andradite 1.887
Apatite 1.624- 1.667
Aragonite 1.530 – 1.686
Barite 1.636 – 1.648
Beryl 1.565 – 1.598
Calcite 1.486 – 1.740
Cerussite 1.804 – 2.079
Chrysoberyl 1.746 – 1.756
Corundum 1.759 – 1.772
Diamond 2.418
Fluorite 1.434
Grossularite 1.734
Gypsum 1.519 – 1.531
Halite 1.544
Microcline 1.514 – 1.539
Olivine 1.63 – 1.88
Opal 1.41 – 1.46
Quartz 1.544 – 1.553
Rhodochrosite 1.597 – 1.816
Rutile 2.605 – 2.901
Scapolite 1.546 – 1.600
Sodalite 1.483 – 1.487
Spessartine 1.800
Sphalerite 2.369
Sphene 1.843 – 2.110
Spinel 1.719
Topaz 1.606 – 1.638
Tourmaline 1.635 – 1.675
Zircon 1.923 – 2.015

Table 1: Index of refraction of water as a
function of wave length and water temperature.
———————————————-

Wave Length 波長

(Angstroms) T=10 C T=20 C T=30 C7065 1.3307 1.3300 1.3290
5893 1.3337 1.3330 1.3319
5016 1.3371 1.3364 1.3353
4047 1.3435 1.3427 1.3417
Vaccuum 1.000000
Helium 1.000036
Hydrogen 1.000140
Oxygen 1.000276
Argon 1.000281
Air 1.0002926 空気
Nitrogen 1.000297
Carbon Dioxide 1.000449
Liquid Hydrogen 1.0974
Liquid Nitrogen 1.2053
Water at 00C 1.309
Water at 1000C 1.31819
Alcohol 1.329 アルコール
Water 350C 1.33157
Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Ethyl Alcohol 1.36
Chlorine 1.385
Fluorite 1.434
Opal 1.450
Quartz 1.45843
Carbon Tetrachloride 1.460
Plastic 1.460
Turpentine 1.472
Glycerine 1.473
Plexiglass 1.50
Benzene 1.501
Glass 1.51714
Ruby 1.760
Sapphire 1.760
Sulphur 1.960
Crystal 2.00
Diamond 2.417
Steel 2.50
Silicon 4.24Nylon 1.53
Obsidian 1.50
Plastic 1.460 – 1.55
Plexiglas 1.488
Salt 1.516
Glass, Flint, 29% lead 1.569
Glass, Flint, 55% lead 1.669
Glass, Flint, 71% lead 1.805
Glass, Fused Silica 1.459
Glass, Pyrex 1.474
Lucite 1.495
Acetone 1.3586 アセトン [1]
Alcohol, Ethyl (grain) 1.36
Alcohol, Methyl (wood) 1.329
Beer 1.345
Carbonated Beverages 1.34 – 1.356
Fruit Juice
Chlorine (liq) 1.385
Cranberry Juice (25%) 1.351
Glycerin 1.473
Honey, 13% water content 1.504
Honey, 17% water content 1.494
Honey, 21% water content 1.484
Ice 1.309
Milk 1.35
Oil, Clove 1.535
Oil, Lemon 1.481
Oil, Neroli 1.482
Oil, Orange 1.473
Oil, Safflower 1.466
Oil, vegetable (50° C) 1.47
Oil of Wintergreen 1.536
Rum, White 1.361
Shampoo 1.362
Sugar Solution 30% 1.38
Sugar Solution 80% 1.49
Turpentine 1.472
Vodka 1.363
Water (0° C) 1.33346
Water (100° C) 1.31766
Water (20° C) 1.33283
Whisky 1.356
Aluminum 1.39
Copper 2.43
Gold 0.47
Mylar 1.65
Nickel 1.08
Platinum 2.33
Silver 1.35
Titanium 2.16
Agate 1.544 – 1.553《鉱物》瑪瑙
Alexandrite 1.746 – 1.755
Almandine 1.75 – 1.83
Amber 1.539 – 1.545
Amethyst 1.532 – 1.554
Ammolite 1.52 -1.68
Andalusite 1.629 – 1.650
Apatite 1.632 – 1.42
Aquamarine 1.567-1.590
Axenite 1.674 – 1.704
Beryl 1.57 – 1.60
Beryl, Red 1.570 – 1.598
Chalcedony 1.544 – 1.553
Chrome Tourmaline, 1.61 – 1.64
Citrine 1.532 – 1.554
Clinohumite 1.625 – 1.675
Coral 1.486 – 1.658
Crystal 2.000
Crysoberyl, Catseye 1.746 – 1.755
Danburite 1.627 – 1.641
Diamond 2.417
Emerald 1.560 – 1.605
Emerald Catseye 1.560 – 1.605
Flourite 1.434
Garnet, Grossular 1.72 – 1.80
Garnet, Andradite 1.88 – 1.94
Garnet, Demantiod 1.880 – 1.9
Garnet, Mandarin 1.790 – 1.8
Garnet, Pyrope 1.73 – 1.76
Garnet, Rhodolite 1.740 – 1.770
Garnet, Tsavorite 1.739 – 1.744
Garnet, Uvarovite 1.74 – 1.87
Hauyn 1.490 – 1.505
Iolite 1.522 – 1.578
Jade, Jadeite 1.64 – 1.667
Jade, Nephrite 1.600 – 1.641
Jet 1.660
Kunzite 1.660 – 1.676
Labradorite 1.560 – 1.572
Lapis Lazuli 1.50 – 1.55
Moonstone 1.518 – 1.526
Morganite 1.585 – 1.594
Obsidian 1.50
Opal, Black 1.440 – 1.460
Opal, Fire 1.430 – 1.460
Opal, White 1.440 – 1.460
Oregon Sunstone 1.560 – 1.572
Padparadja 1.760 – 1.773
Pearl 1.53 – 1.69
Peridot 1.635 – 1.690
Quartz 1.544 – 1.553
Ruby 1.757 – 1.779
Sapphire 1.757 – 1.779
Sapphire, Star 1.760 – 1.773
Spessarite 1.79 – 1.81
Spinel 1.712 – 1.717
Spinel, Blue 1.712 – 1.747
Spinel, Red 1.708 – 1.735
Star Ruby 1.76 – 1.773
Tanzanite 1.690-1.7
Tanzanite 1.692 – 1.700
Topaz 1.607 – 1.627
Topaz, Imperial 1.605-1.640
Tourmaline 1.603 – 1.655
Tourmaline, Blue 1.61 – 1.64
Tourmaline, Catseye 1.61 – 1.64
Tourmaline, Green 1.61 – 1.64
Tourmaline, Paraiba 1.61 – 1.65
Tourmaline, Red 1.61 – 1.64
Zircon 1.777 – 1.987
Zirconia, Cubic 2.173 – 2.21

Cross-references to check data


1. Burdick & Jackson solvents. http://macro.lsu.edu/HowTo/solvents/Refractive%20Index.htm (accessed 2015/8/18th).
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_refractive_indices (accessed 2015/8/18th).
3. Edited by William Alexander Deer, Robert Andrew Howie, J. Zussman. “Rock-forming Minerals: Double-Chain Silicates, Volume 2B“. 1997/8/1st, p. 181.
4. M. N. Polyanskiy. Refractive index database. http://refractiveindex.info (accessed 2015/2/29th).
5. David M. Whitacre. “Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 213“, Springer Science & Business Media, 2011/5/4th, p. 3. 
ISBN 9781441998606

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J.J. Koenderink, A.J. Van Doorn, K.J. Dana and S.K. Nayar,
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[PDF] [bib] [©]

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K.J. Dana, B. Van-Ginneken, S.K. Nayar, J.J. Koenderink,
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Vol.18, No.1, pp.1-34, Jan, 1999.
[PDF] [bib] [©]

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S.K. Nayar and M. Oren,
International Journal on Computer Vision,
Vol.14, No.3, pp.227-251, Apr, 1995.
[PDF] [bib] [©]

“Visual Appearance of Matte Surfaces,”
S.K. Nayar and M. Oren,
Science,
Vol.267, pp.1153-1156, Feb, 1995.
[PDF] [bib] [©]

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M. Oren and S.K. Nayar,
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pp.239-246, Jul, 1994.
[PDF] [bib] [©]

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M. Oren and S.K. Nayar,
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[Other references by request]

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    ロピー says:

    最近 綺麗になったと思う。

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